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Water Birth History (hidroparto)
The idea of giving birth underwater was pioneered by Igor Tjarkovsky, a Soviet researcher and swimming instructor, in 1960. He has helped hundreds of women give birth underwater in a tank of warm water. 

In 1977 a French obstetrician Michel Odent introduced mothers to a pool of warm water so that they could relax in labour and not feel inhibited, this also helped for pain relief. Some women decided to stay in the pool to give birth, and over the next 5-6 years thousands of women used the pool during labour.

By 1983 hundreds of women had given birth in water. In the 1980s waterbirth had spread across the world from France to America. By 1987 approx. 3,000 babies had been born underwater. At the garden hospital in London, Dr. Yehudi Gordon stopped giving pethidine to women in labour, warm water has taken its place.

Many private hospitals, N.H.S. hospitals and midwifery units have their own pools, some have pools on a long term hire basis and mothers also hire pools to take into hospital or for home births.

Active Birth
Water Birth
Waterbirth : An Attitude to Care
Gentle Birth Choices: Guide to Making Informed Decisions About Birthing Centers, Birth Attendants, Water Birth, Home Birth, Hospital Birth
Giving birth underwater
Why Water Birth
Water Birth Stories
Information on Tub Rentals
Monadnock Community Hospital's Birthing Center
Birth Waves Website
Water Birth: A Giant Leap Forward
The Benefits of Water Birth
Preparations for Water Birth
What are the Benefits of Waterbirth
Tranquil Waters Birth Pools
Water Birth Resource List
Stefani Schultz's Water Birth Story
Our Water Birth Decision
Water Baby: Experiences of Water Birth
Water Birth Information
Waterbirth International
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